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The Environmental Strategy addresses the impact of the earthquake on the physical, biological and socio-economic environment. In relation to the socio-economic environment, the strategy acknowledges that rehabilitation activities, including those related to livelihoods, may seriously impact on the physical and natural environment through increased use of water, construction waste generation, increased transportation of construction material and dumping of debris. The Strategy also seeks to address aspects of the natural resource base relevant to rural livelihood rehabilitation, through natural resource management, restoration of forests and slope stabilization. Watershed management, wildlife, and water resources management all fall within its remit. Sustainable livelihoods rehabilitation inherently takes the environment into account, and it is expected that there will be some synergy between NR related activities falling in each of the environmental and livelihood rehabilitation strategies.It is recognized that despite the various interventions outlined above, there remain some communities which have had little if any assistance due to gaps in coverage by implementing agencies, and a shortage of resources amongst relevant Line Departments. This Strategy provides a means by which such gaps will be identified and then covered.