Physical Infrastructure


Roads and air transport are the only two modes of transportation into Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The present road length position and it’s comparison with the position in 1947 is given below:

Year  Metalled  Fair-weather  Total 
1947  100  165  265 
2002  4162  5654  9816 


The Government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir in collaboration with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) of Pakistan has constructed two small airports at Muzaffarabad and Rawalakot cities in the recent past in order to provide an easy and fast mode of travel (presently suspended). The facility also expected to be extended to the cities of Mirpur and Kotli.


At the time of independence, power facility was practically non-existent in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The Government gave great emphasis on generating electricity in order to meet the growing domestic needs as well as the industrial requirements. A program for construction of number of small Hydel Stations was launched and six Hydel Stations have been completed so far. At present, installed Grid capacity is 283 MVA. About 17,000 Km transmission lines have been extended to 1629 out of 1646 villages and about 36,0000 consumers have been provided with connections. The per capita electricity delivered for consumption in the State is 315 KWH and within next three years 100% population would be provided power connections.

Piped Water Supply

At the time of independence, availability of piped water supply was non-existent. Significant progress has been made in this regard. Presently 77% of the urban population and 62% of the rural population have been provided with a piped water supply through house connections and public stands.